Part 34 : Definitions and Interpretations | The Constitution of Nepal 2015

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Part 34
Definitions and Interpretations

306. Definitions and interpretations:

  1. Unless the subject or the context otherwise requires, in this Constitution,-
    1. “minorities” means ethnic, linguistic and religious groups whose population is less than the percentage specified by the Federal law, and includes groups that have their distinct ethnic, religious or linguistic characteristics, aspirations to protect such features and subjected to discrimination and oppression,
    2. “law” means a Federal law, State law and Local law,
    3. “Article” means an article of this Constitution,
    4. “Municipality” means and includes a Municipal Corporation and Sub-municipal Corporation.
    5. “citizen” means a citizen of Nepal,
    6. “State” means the area and form of a federal unit of Nepal divided into the Federal units in accordance with this Constitution,
    7. “remuneration” means and includes salary, allowance, pension and any other form of emolument and facility,
    8. “state power” means the power relating to the Executive, Legislative and Judiciary of the state, and includes residual power.
    9. “Bill” means a draft of amendment to the Constitution or of an Act which has been introduced in the Federal Parliament or a State Assembly,
    10. “Federation” means the federal level that is the apex unit of the federal structure,
    11. “Federal Units” means the Federation, State and Local levels,
    12. “Constitutional Bodies” means the Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority, Auditor General, Public Service Commission, Election Commission, National Human Rights Commission, National Natural Resources and Fiscal Commission, National Women Commission, National Dalit Commission, National Inclusion Commission, Indigenous Nationalities Commission, Madhesi Commission, Tharu Commission and Muslim Commission,
    13. “marginalized” means communities that are made politically, economically and socially backward, are unable to enjoy services and facilities because of discrimination and oppression and of geographical remoteness or deprived thereof and are in lower status than the human development standards mentioned in Federal law, and includes highly marginalized groups and groups on the verge of extinction,
    14. “Local level” means the Village Bodies, Municipalities and District Assemblies to be established in accordance with this Constitution.
  2. Unless the subject or the context otherwise requires, the legal provisions relating to interpretation of laws shall, subject to the provisions of this Constitution, apply to the interpretation of this Constitution in the same manner as that provisions apply to the interpretation of the Nepal laws.

Or, View Table of Contents:
Part-1 : Preliminary
Part-2 : Citizenship
Part 3 : Fundamental Rights and Duties
Part 4 : Directive Principles, Policies and Obligations of the State
Part 5 : Structure of State and Distribution of State Power
Part 6 : President and Vice-President
Part 7 : Federal Executive
Part 8 : Federal Legislature
Part 9 : Federal Legislative Procedures
Part 10 : Federal Financial Procedures
Part 11 : Judiciary
Part 12 : Attorney General
Part 13 : State Executive
Part 14 : State Legislature
Part 15 : State Legislative Procedures
Part 16 : State Financial Procedures
Part 17 : Local Executive
Part 18 : Local Legislature
Part 19 : Local Financial Procedures
Part 20 : Interrelations between Federation, State and Local Level
Part 21 : Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority
Part 22 : Auditor General
Part 23 : Public Service Commission
Part 24 : Election Commission
Part 25 : National Human Rights Commission
Part 26 : National Natural Resources and Fiscal Commission
Part 27 : Other Commissions
Part 28 : Provisions Relating to National Security
Part 29 : Provisions Relating to Political Parties
Part 30 : Emergency Power
Part 31 : Amendment to the Constitution
Part 32 : Miscellaneous
Part 33 : Transitional Provisions
Part 34 : Definitions and Interpretations
Part 35 : Short Title, Commencement and Repeal
Schedule 1 : National Flag of Nepal
Schedule 2 : National Anthem of Nepal
Schedule 3 : Coat of Arms of Nepal
Schedule 4 : States, and Districts to be included in the concerned States.
Schedule 5 : List of Federal Power
Schedule 6 : List of State Power
Schedule 7: List of Concurrent Powers of Federation and State
Schedule 8: List of Local Level Power
Schedule 9 : List of Concurrent Powers of Federation, State and Local Level